The National Bureau of Statistics has published a list of top of states in Nigeria with the highest poverty rate.
Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa, housing over 200 million people.
DAILY GIST gathered from NBS analysis that more than half the population of the country is living in poverty.
The National Bureau of Statistics measured poverty in each state using a metric system known as the Multidimensional Poverty Index(MPI). The MPI is in itself determined by four key indicators, including health, education, living standards, and work and shocks.
The data for this report was gathered via a survey which saw to the collation of over 50000 responses from a deliberately-formulated questionnaire, nationwide.
Therefore, the Nigeria MPI (2022) survey questionnaire included additional variables that were relevant given the new context and national priorities such as food security, water reliability, underemployment, security shocks, school lag, and child deprivations.
According to the report, some more generalised findings include the overall percentage of people who are multidimensionally poor, which stands at 63% of people out of 133 million.
“The Nigeria MPI is 0.257, showing that poor people in Nigeria experience just over one-quarter of all possible deprivations. The value ranges from 0 to 1, with 0 reflecting zero poverty and 1 universal poverty and deprivation.”
Another key takeaway from the report reads; “72% of people are poor, compared to 42% of people in urban areas. Approximately 70% of Nigeria’s population live in rural areas, yet these areas are home to 80% of poor people; the intensity of rural poverty is also higher: 42% in rural areas compared to 37% in urban areas.”
Below is a list of ten of the poorest states in Nigeria, and their MPIs
1. Sokoto: 0.409
2. Bayelsa: 0.401
3. Jigawa: 0.385
4. Kebbi: 0.385
5. Gombe: 0.380
6. Yobe: 0.370
7. Plateau: 0.360
8. Taraba: 0.340
9. Zamfara: 0.328
10. Ebonyi: 0.320